This is an ever growing glossary especially for drummers. I need to work on this quite a bit as at the moment there are a lot of terms missing. I’ll try to get to it as quickly as I can.
You can also use this in conjunction with Level 1 – The workbook/encyclopedia for the Modern Drummer.
Playing patterns or rhythms with two limbs at the same time.
Playing patterns or rhythms with three limbs at the same time.
Playing patterns or rhythms with four limbs at the same time.
A section or subsection which is four bars long.
12-bar form in the style of Blues.
Music originally from Cuba. Afro is added because of the African (rhythmical) influence on the Hispanic (melody and harmony) music. There are many, many styles and subgenres stemming from Afro-Cuban. Most of these revolve around the Clave, or more accurately, one of the Clave Rhythms.
Another way to describe beats 2 and 4. As opposites of beats 1 and 3 they represent the back of the beat.
Bossa Nova or Bossa
Brazilian style of music revolving around a bass pattern playing 1..&3..& or 1..t2..t in 16th notes. The Bossa Nova tempo ranges roughly from 65 – 90 bpm.
Spanish word for “Key”. This is the rhythmical key to unlock many Afro-Cuban rhythms with. They can be in 3-2 meaning there are three notes in the first bar and two in the second, or 2-3 meaning the opposite. The most well known are:
- 6/8 Clave
- 3-2: 1.3..6.2.4.. (1.let..let.trip.2.. or 1.m..m.n.2..)
- 2-3: .2.4..1.3..6 (.trip.2..1.let..let or .n.2..1.m..m)
- Son Clave
- 3-2: 1..&..4…2.3… (1..e..&…&.2… or 1..t..n…n.2…)
- 2-3: ..2.3…1..&..4. (..&.2…1..e..&. or ..n.2…1..t..n.)
- Rumba Clave
- 3-2: 1..&…&..2.3… (1..e…e..&.2… or 1..t…t..n.2…)
- 2-3: ..2.3…1..&…& (..&.2…1..e…e or ..n.2…1..t…t)
Cover song or Cover
A song played by someone other than the original artist.
Subgenre of Prog(ressive) Metal with a strong emphasis on Cross Rhythms and longer a-symmetrical phrases as played by Meshuggah f.i.. The name is a phonetic one (an onomatopoeia) as the sound of picking the muted lowest string of a distorted guitar could be described as “Djent”.
Another way to name beat 1.
Can be used to refer to a groove, or to musical sensitivity. The right feel: The musically correct way of playing.
Rhythm with feel. To be in the groove means playing a rhythm with the right musical feeling.
Half Time (Shuffle)
(Shuffle) groove where the backbeat (usually played on the snare) is on beat 3 instead of 2 and 4. This way the tempo seems half as high, hence the term.
See Layered Coordination.
Newly formed rudiment comprised of two or more existing rudiments or elements of these rudiments.
Creating on the spot.
Type of coordination needed to execute patterns or rhythms consisting of two or more unique patterns or rhythms. The patterns or rhythms involved may be symmetrical or a-symmetrical. The latter would be Cross Rhythms or Polyrhythms depending on how they’re used. Layered coordination is also known as Harmonic Coordination.
Type of coordination needed to execute one pattern or rhythm with more than one limb without notes being played by more than one limb. Usually the term is used when three or four limbs play the pattern or rhythm. Linear Coordination is also known as Melodic Coordination.
Musical lingo for sentence, string of notes, or phrase. We as drummers usually play licks as a fill or in solos but they can be used as grooves as well.
See Linear Coordination.
A recurring pattern. This can be played by one limb, 2 limbs or 3 limbs. The remaining limb(s) play(s) the melody. We therefore often encounter Ostinato/Melody exercises.
The Percussive Arts Society (P.A.S.) is a non-profit, music service organization founded in 1961. Their mission is inspire, educate and support percussionists and drummers worldwide. Among other things they’re responsible for creating the lst of 40 Rudiments which replaced the classic list of 26 rudiments. More info can be found on their website http://www.pas.org/
Playing with a good time feel. Playing in the pocket means the groove is feeling exactly as it should. You own it.
Caribean Musical Style from Jamaica. Rhythmically there are two elements which can be considered a typical ostinato of a Reggae groove. 1. The hihat 8th note upbeats 2. The Bass Drum back beat on 2 and 4. The left hand typically plays rimclicks as a melody on top of the ostinato.
An elementary part. In (snare) drumming this means a basic ‘word’. Initially rudiments were seen as letters so it was probably no coincidence that there have long been twenty six official rudiments. In recent years the Percussive Arts Society (P.A.S.) certified another fourteen. So now the official amount of P.A.S certified rudiments for snare drumming comes to forty. Click here for a more complete overview of rudiments.
Brazilian style of music revolving around a bass pattern playing 1..&3..& or 1..t2..t in 16th notes. The Samba tempo ranges roughly from 95 – 130 bpm.
Single Stroke Roll
The Single Stroke roll or simply called “singles” is a rudiment which consists of alternating strokes.
A song which is considered to be a classic. The musical implication is that everyone should know it.
The number of notes in which a note is divided. Usually the number of notes per quarter note.
Tempo. Playing time also means playing a standard groove to keep time.
The way a groove feels or is felt.
Literally keeping tempo. A more musical translation would be to keep the tempo feeling good.
Two or more notes played at the same time. These are also called Flat Flams.
The Upbeat is traditionally the beat right before beat 1. We can also use them more accurately when combined note value or subdivision. F.i. 8th note upbeats would be every 2nd 8th note. (In 4/4 8th notes .&.&&.& or .N.N.N.N)
Short for Auxiliary hihat, sometimes also referred to as a remote hat. A closed hihat used as a 2nd, 3rd, 4th etc.
A snare considered to be one of the holy grails.